What is a vulnerability assessment?
The vulnerability assessment is a process of identifying, analyzing and prioritizing the vulnerabilities in a given asset (e.g. computers and related systems, applications, network infrastructures), provides information on the potential risks related to the identified vulnerabilities and possible remediation solutions.
Note: The main difference between the vulnerability assessments and penetration tests is represented by the exploitation of vulnerabilities. The vulnerability assessment does not imply the exploitation of the vulnerability (simulated attacks, escalation of privilege etc.), therefore the legitime character of the identified vulnerability cannot be verified.
How many types of vulnerability assessments are?
The vulnerability assessments may be performed without limitation in all industries (banking, pharma, energy etc.).
The vulnerability assessments aim to discover various threats and vulnerabilities of the given environment, therefore they imply a combination of automatic and manual tools, scanners and methods, depending on the system assess.
The vulnerability assessment scans include, without limitation, application scans, database scans, host-based scans.
What are the benefits of the vulnerability assessments?
The vulnerability assessment is often defined as a risk management process precisely because of its main purpose: to evaluate the cybersecurity level of the environment by providing information on security flaws, the vulnerable assets and overall risk.
The data generated by the vulnerability assessment is essential for the development of the cybersecurity strategy and the identification of the crucial aspects which require future investments. Once the organization is aware of its weaknesses, it will be able to develop a strategy to assess the risks and increase its protection so as to deal with the cyber attacks.
In contrast to the penetration tests, the vulnerability assessments have certain benefits such as reduced costs, high coverage of completeness (but do not provide complete information on the vulnerabilities), shorter execution time.
Please be aware that vulnerability assessments are highly recommended every time changes are made in the system, new equipment is added etc.
What do you get at the completion of the vulnerability assessment?
The results of the vulnerability assessment shall be comprised in a detailed report, presenting the discovered vulnerabilities together with their explanations (suitable for both technical and non technical team), possible related risks and recommended actions for their remediation.
How much will it cost?
We know how important costs are.